In the 1970s and 1980s, Ethiopia experienced civil conflicts and communist purges, which hindered its economy.
The country has since recovered and now has the largest economy (by GDP) in East Africa, having the largest population in the region.
Most people in the country speak Afroasiatic languages of the Cushitic or Semitic branches.
Additionally, Omotic languages are spoken by ethnic minority groups inhabiting the southern regions.
A substantial population of Ethiopian Jews, known as Bete Israel, also resided in Ethiopia until the 1980s.
Ethiopia is a multilingual nation with around 80 ethnolinguistic groups, the four largest of which are the Oromo, Amhara, Somali and Tigrayans.
Additionally, skeletons of Homo sapiens idaltu were found at a site in the Middle Awash valley.Additionally, the sovereign state is a founding member of the UN, the Group of 24 (G-24), the Non-Aligned Movement, G-77 and the Organisation of African Unity.Its capital city Addis Ababa serves as the headquarters of the African Union, the Pan African Chamber of Commerce and Industry, the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, the African Standby Force, and many of the global NGOs focused on Africa.The hominid is estimated to have lived 3.2 million years ago.
Ethiopia is also considered one of the earliest sites of the emergence of anatomically modern humans, Homo sapiens.
The country was occupied by Italy in 1936 and became Italian Ethiopia (part of Italian East Africa) until it was liberated during World War II.